Chlamydia is spread through vaginal secretions and semen. Approximately 70% of sufferers have no symptoms. In rare cases, from 1 to 3 weeks after infection, a greenish-purulent discharge begins to flow from the vagina of a woman or from the ureter of a man. The secretion is similar to that of gonorrhea, accompanied by burning and pain.
Chlamydial infection can quickly spread to various internal organs if it is not diagnosed in time and treatment is not started. This infection can be carried in the body for years without the patient having any idea about it, but it leads to severe infections over time. If left untreated, it can cause infertility in both men and women. The treatment is long-term, and both partners must be treated. There are four types of chlamydia: Chlamydia trachomatis, Chlamydia psittaci, Chlamydia pneumoniae and Chlamydia pecorum, with the first three types found in humans. The most widespread are infections with chlamydia trachomatis, which usually affects the female and male reproductive system and can cause endometritis, salpingitis, inflammation of the pelvic connective tissue, epididymitis and others. The laboratory diagnosis of chlamydia is carried out through a blood test / blood test / for the presence of antibodies. The detection of such antibodies, however, does not necessarily mean that the subject is currently infected with chlamydia. The presence of antibodies indicates the person’s contact with this microorganism. The following three classes of antibodies are tested:
- – IgM – reports the so-called “fresh infection”;
- – IgG – indicates past infection; the decrease in antibody values may be slow and prolonged, even a year after treatment;
- – IgA – reports acute infection.
Another way of testing is an antigen test. But the most reliable diagnostic is DNA – test / PCR/. The PCR test for chlamydia (or DNA test) looks for DNA of the microorganisms in cervical secretions in women, prostate and urethral secretions in men, or first morning urine.
All types of chlamydia diagnostic tests are performed in the City Lab laboratory.
The most important thing is that the samples from men are taken on site in the laboratory and the examination of the material is carried out in the laboratory itself, without being transported to the city of Sofia or other laboratories.
The fact that, in addition to chlamydia, DNA tests for other types of sexually transmitted bacteria such as mycoplasma, ureaplasma and the most serious gonorrhea can also be made easier for patients.
Contacts and inquiries at tel. 052/ 60 48 60.